The Beginner's Guide To Transplants
What Is Transplanting?
Transplanting can be defined as the process of moving and replanting a germinated seedling or cutting into a permanent location. Transplanting can be useful to move a cutting from a cube/plug to a larger pot to allow the roots enough space to grow. If outdoor conditions are unfavourable, it can be useful to transplant plants indoors so they are unaffected by weather conditions. The beauty of indoor growing is that no matter the time of year, your plants will be able to flourish in a sustainable environment.
How Do I Know When My Plants Are Ready To Transplant?
It's crucial to transplant your plant at the right time. If you transplant too early it may cause the plant to become stressed, but transplant too late and it may lead to damaging of the roots. The key indicator that will tell you it's time to transplant is when roots start to grow out of the bottom of your plugs or propagating cubes. Examining your roots will let you know if they are at the stage to transplant so make sure to inspect them before you do anything.
It's also important to keep an eye on the colour of the leaves on the plant. Leaves may turn yellow if they are nutrient deficient so you would want to ideally transfer them before this happens. Yellow leaves can also be an indication that the plant is root bound - meaning the plant has grown too big for it's container and it's roots are now bound by a barrier.
How Do I Transplant My Plants?
1. Check Your Roots
To begin transplanting, you first need to check what the roots of your plant are like in their cube/block/plug. If they are clearly visible then you know that it’s time to transplant and you can remove the plant from the cube. Don’t let the roots grow too much before transplanting as they will be old and too tight in the cube. If you are transplanting your plant into a larger pot then you can use root promoting additives to ensure the roots fill the extra space they’ve now got. Be careful not to transplant freshly rooted cuttings into a pot that is too large as there is a higher chance of it being over watered.[product sku="Canna-Start"]
2. Transfer The Plant
Once your roots are checked and you know they will fit, you can now place the plant into your prepared pot. If you want your plants to absorb more nutrients, grow bigger and produce bigger yields then could can add mycorrhizae to your pot before you transfer your plant in. We suggest using Great White! Because your plants will be delicate, it is important to use weak nutrients as strong fertilisers can negatively impact your plants at this stage.
Targeting the roots is one of the best ways to feed the plant so make sure that they are supplied with sufficient nutrients. You also need to make sure the roots have sufficient humidity to prevent damage, if root tips are exposed to air for too long then they will get damaged. In short: reduce exposure time to ensure your roots are healthy.[product sku="Root-Pouch"]
3. Plant Correctly
Next, you can firm the soil around the plant and ensure that it fits in the pot correctly. It will be more convenient for you to transplant into a smaller pot first and then wait for the roots to fill the pot, before going for a bigger one. It’s important to allow the roots to gain volume before transplanting into a large pot. Presuming you are going to use nutrients on your plant, it’s crucial to use a light amount of nutrients in the first 5 days that the root forms.[product sku="VitaLink-PlantStart"]
4. Water Your Plant
The final step is to water the transplanted plant and create a sustainable growing environment for it, which will reduce the stress of the plant. You can do this by aiming to hit an optimum temperature of 24 degrees and maintaining the humidity from 65 to 75%. Once the roots you have transplanted are loose and growing outside of the root ball you can move the plant up into an even larger pot. This will make it easier to avoid over-watering and make harvesting easier.[product sku="Thermo-Hygrometer"] [product sku="SMH1622"]